Copies: The Fragment
About the Fragment

The Fragment of the Physiologus is included in this site as a supplement. The copies which include it are presented in two ways: collated and in complete texts. The window Collation of copies comes first; the copies are ordered alphabetically below it and marked by a siglum and a brief name. They may be opened by clicking on the + sign. The window Collation of copies presents in parallel all the copies of the Fragment. The last row of the collation window assigns to the text consecutive numbers which make it possible to cite any segment of the text (for instance хльмь: The Fragment, (copy) Хил: 87). In the section for each copy there is information about its location, content and main features, about research pertaining to it and editions of its text. In separate windows, the text of the Fragment from every individual copy is published as a full text.

The Fragment of the Physiologus circulated independently in the medieval Balkan literatures. It consists of three chapters: about the phoenix, the eagle and the pelican.

Their content as a rule preserves the characteristics of the oldest Greek recension of the Physiologus, the Alexandrian recension. Greek parallels to the texts are available in the Commentary to the Hexameron by the early Christian writer Pseudo-Eustathius of Antioch (4th-5th century?) and form only small portions of his text; moreover, they are in a different order (pelican - phoenix - eagle) (Стойкова 1989). The Fragment is found in two types of manuscripts: the first are didactic miscellanies like the florilegia Хл 237, Хил 382 and РАН 310; the other type includes М and К. In the first type of miscellany, the Fragment is connected with the "Sermon about the Immortality of the Soul" by the early Byzantine writer Isidore of Pelusium († ca.449) and is placed after it. In the structure of the second type of miscellany the Fragment occupies an independent position. Olteanu believes that in the two types of miscellanies the Fragment descends from different Greek sources: see Олтяну 1984: 46-47; Олтяну 1984а: 42. However, the comparative study of all copies shows that they descend from a common protograph. See Стойкова 1994: 45-51; Стойкова 1989. •

Collation of copies
Copy Хл - SHM Chludov 237
Copy Хил - LMH Hilandar 382
Copy Р - RA Bucharest 310
Copy М - RSAAA Moscow (Mazurin collection) 1700
Copy К - RA Cluj-Napoca 25
Text Eu - Pseudo-Eustathius